Dry skin is common and may present in any parts of the body. It causes skin tightness, itchiness, redness and rough skin. In severe cases, it will results in dermatitis (skin inflammation) and appears as skin eczema. Dry skin is more susceptible to skin cracking which results in infection. The factors contributing to dry skin are mostly environmental causes. Dry climate, reduce humidity, sun and harsh chemical exposure are highly likely to cause dry skin. Chronic skin conditions such as atopic eczema and psoriasis are commonly appeared as skin dryness
Dry skin has a good response towards lifestyle modification. Excessive sun exposure or contact with any harsh chemical should be avoided. Scratching is strictly prohibited as it will worsen the condition and the long-term effect is thickening of the skin.
Frequent moisturizer application is important to help maintain the skin barrier and prevent further cracking. It prevents further water loss from the skin surface area and restores hydration.
Topical steroid cream is often used to treat dry skin. It helps in reducing inflammation due to excessive dryness and sooth itchiness. However, it is not recommended for long-term usage, as it will results in skin thinning. Therefore, It is important for us to know the potency of the steroid cream before applying.
Hyaluronic acid injection
Hyaluronic acid is naturally present in our body to help in keeping our cells and tissue moist at all times. Due to aging and dehydration, our skin will appear dull and dry due to lack of moisture from within. Through hyaluronic acid injection directly into our skin, it acts as a source of nutrient and also helps in water absorption for the underlying cells.